Here are some expressions commonly used in discussing football (soccer) matters.
assistant referee - (previously known as linesmen) assists the referee in controlling an association football (soccer) match captain - an honorary title given to the member of the team primarily responsible for strategy and teamwork while the game is in progress on the field caution - when the referee shows a player the yellow card, usually in response to an action that is not in the spirit of fair play. A second caution in a single match results in the player being shown the red card. coach - someone in charge of training a team, manager defender - a player positioned in the front of his goalkeeper who is primarily focused on stopping the opposition's attackers from scoring draw - a game that ends tied or undecided extra time - an additional period played at the end of some games of football if the score is tied after the two standard periods (halves) of play FIFA - the acronym of World football's governing body, made up of the member confederations and associations, is responsible for staging international competitions like the World Cup foul - an illegal action, resulting in a free kick by the player fouled goal - the space or opening into which a ball must go to score points, usually a pair of posts with a crossbar and often a net goalkeeper - the soccer player assigned to protect the goal, goalie goalpost - post marking goal area half-time - the intermission between halves in games halfway line - a line marked across the width of a playing area dividing it into two halves. It indicates the midpoint between the two goal lines header - moving the ball forward using your head kick-off - a place kick in football that starts play at the beginning of a half or after a team has scored last sixteen - eighth final line-up - the members of a team chosen to start a game match - a game or contest in which two or more persons, animals, or teams oppose and compete with each other midfielder - a player positioned generally around the middle of the field for a team; also known as a "halfback" nil - zero penalty shootout - used to decide which team progresses to the next stage of a tournament following a tied result in a game of association football. pitch - another word for field of play professional foul - a deliberate act of foul play, usually to prevent an opponent scoring quarter final - a match or the round that involves the eight remaining participants or teams in a competition or cup, etc and which precedes the semi-final match or round referee - the only on-field official in charge of assessing fouls, allowing substitutions, and keeping the official time, among other things semi final - either of two matches, the winners of which play each other in the final spectator - person who watches event stadium - a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments stoppage time - time added by the referee at the end of each half to account for injuries and stops in play striker - synonymous with forward. Primary job is to score. Plays in front of the midfielders and is the first line of attack. sweeper - plays in back of the defender and in front of the goalkeeper or goalie. Primary job is to roam in front of the goal and sweep away any shot that comes near it. touch line - sideline or end line tournament - a sporting competition in which contestants play a series of games to decide the winner
Now we put new vocabulary into context, so you can see how you might use these terms yourself. The expressions are in boldface in the text.
A penalty shootout is usually used only in situations where a winner is needed (for example, a round where one team must be eliminated) and other methods such as extra time have failed to determine a winner. In Association football, the word goal refers to both the result of a score and the physical structure that defines where a score is achieved. In association football, each team's goalkeeper defends his team's goal and has special privileges within the game. Most notably, the goalkeepers are the only players who may touch the ball with their hands or arms during play; however, they are restricted to doing so only within their penalty area and are subject to other restrictions (such as the pass back rule). The main types of defender are centre back, fullback, wingback and sweeper. The job of the centre backs or central defenders is to stop opposing players, particularly the strikers, from scoring, and to bring the ball out from their penalty area. In football, a foul is an unfair act by a player as deemed by the referee.