Word Power
   Discover Through Learning Home  Links    Newsletter 26 Mar. 2017   
 
Language Holidays
Interpreting - Translation




Here are some expressions commonly used in discussing wrongdoing and corruption matters.

Listen to arson - fire raising, malicious burning to destroy property
Listen to assault - a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped
Listen to blackmail - a threatening to reveal substantially true information about a person to the public, a family member, or associates unless a monetary demand is met
Listen to bribe - make illegal payments to in exchange for favours or influence
Listen to bribery - the practice of offering something (usually money) in order to gain an illicit advantage
Listen to corruption - inducement to wrong by improper or unlawful means (as bribery)
Listen to counterfeiting - make a copy of with the intent to deceive, forgery
Listen to embezzlement - take or use dishonestly (money or property with which one has been entrusted)
Listen to fake - not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article
Listen to fraud - something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage
Listen to hijack a plane - to take control of a vehicle, especially an aircraft, and force it to go to an unscheduled destination, often taking any passengers present as hostages, skyjack a plane
Listen to hit-and-run driving - departing or leaving quickly and usually secretly, especially because one has done something wrong and wants to avoid punishment or arrest
Listen to hostage taking - taking a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
Listen to joyriding - borrowing a car illegally without the owner's permission although intending to return the car
Listen to kickback - an illegal, secret payment made in return for a referral which resulted in a transaction or contract; a commercial bribe paid by a seller to a purchasing agent in order to induce the agent to enter into the transaction
Listen to kidnapping - the unlawful act of capturing and carrying away a person against their will and holding them in false imprisonment
Listen to money laundering - concealing the source of illegally gotten money
Listen to mugging - assault with intent to rob
Listen to murder - unlawful premeditated killing of a human being by a human being
Listen to pickpocketing - stealing from the pockets or purses of others in public places
Listen to pimping - arranging for sexual partners for others
Listen to racket - a dishonest business or practice, especially one that obtains money through fraud or extortion
Listen to racketeer - someone demanding ‘protection money’ from businesses
Listen to rape - the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will
Listen to robbery - the act of unlawfully taking the property of another by the use of violence
Listen to shoplifting - the act of stealing goods that are on display in a store
Listen to smuggling - secretly importing prohibited goods or goods on which duty is due
Listen to tax evasion - failure to pay taxes legally due the government, often by failure to report some income received or claiming false deductions
Listen to theft - stealing
Listen to trespassing - entering unlawfully on someone's property
Listen to vandalism - malicious destruction of the property of others
Listen to violence - an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists)


Now we put new vocabulary into context, so you can see how you might use these terms yourself. The expressions are in boldface in the text.

Listen to He was accused of accepting or taking bribes from wealthy businessmen.
Listen to Corruption is a greatest obstacle to economic and social development.
Listen to The counterfeiting of money is one of the oldest crimes in history.
Listen to No trespassing. Trespassing will be prosecuted.
Listen to According to one recent estimate, worldwide money laundering activity amounts to roughly $1 trillion a year.
Listen to Tax evasion is one of the most common economic crimes.
Listen to The authorities can get the kidnap victim back if it is possible to do so if you contact them right away at the first sign of trouble.
Listen to Hostage taking has proved to be immensely successful in generating terror.
Listen to The word blackmail became popular in the 1800´s and comes from the clan chieftains who ran protection rackets on farmers in Scotland. If the farmers didn´t pay the mail (an old term for rent), the chiefs would steal their cattle and crops. Since this was considered evil, it was considered black.
Listen to Smuggling now is considerably diversified: the smuggling of immigrants, armaments, illegal drugs, as well as smuggling of alcohol and tobacco are widespread throughout the Western world.
Listen to In California, the penalties for hit-and-run driving are severe. You may be jailed for up to four years, fined up to $100,000.00, and could lose your license.
Listen to Theft is the unlawful taking of property from another person. Some more common examples include shoplifting, pickpocketing, theft from buildings.
Listen to Joyriding is: the crime of stealing a vehicle and driving fast and dangerously for fun.




   






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